Caving in Sri Lanka
Exploration of natural uncovered history
This is unique opportunity to discover the hidden world underneath us by visiting caves in Sri Lanka. As well as many other treasure of nature is all around the island. Available throughout the year, Green foot speleologists tours takes you to unique locations in Sri Lanka. These impressive, natural phenomena dates back prehistorically era and some caves dating back to approximately 500 million years.
Some importance caves have been colonized by the Balangoda man. They have been identified as a group of Mesolithic hunter who lived in caves. Discover how caves form. Find out how animals and humans use caves; examine stalactites, stalagmites, animal bones and fossils; learn about the geology of the picturesque area, because most of caves located in the wild. Caving involves the exploration, surveying, mapping and photographing of caves situated around Sri Lanka.
Green foot Sri Lanka provides knowledge local experience guides and all the necessary gear for caving (such as raincoat, head torches, helmets, ropes etc.) Come for to Sri Lanka and can more for your caving adventure.
Andirilena Caves, Udagama
This unpopular cave Situated at Udagama. 25km from Belihuloya towards Colombo on the Balangoda – Colombo road, the entrance to the Andirilena Caves is only about 4ft high, but once inside, it is vast. There is a interconnecting caves rise to several smaller caves on the way and extends up to about 500m into hill.
Batatotalena Cave, Sudagala
Batatotalena Cave is situated at Sudagala, about 5 km away from Kuruwita. In order to reach it, one has to walk about 400m from Sudagala to the base and then climb a further 50m to enter. It measures about 50ft in height, 60ft in width and 80ft in length. As an extra point of interest, about 30m from Batatotalena it is an underground cave, partly submerged in a stream. To reach this, one has to swim about 20m!
Although it has not been proved, Buddhist literature suggests that the cave is the sacred ‘Diva Guhawa’ where the Lord Buddha rested on his way back from Sri Pada. However, concrete archaeological findings have proved that Batatotalena dates back over 25,000 years and has been used as a dwelling place during many historical eras. For example, various skeletal remains, ancient paintings, a Buddhist shrine room and a ‘Devalaya’ belonging to the Kandyan era have been excavated, whilst findings of ceramic tile and glass particles prove that it was also used as a dwelling during the Dutch era. Even at present,
Batadombalena Cave, Kuruwita
Significant prehistoric remains have also been found in this cave. Batadombalena Cave is roughly the same size as the nearby Batatotalena Cave (50x60x80ft). Like Batatotalena, it is of great historic importance due to some fascinating archaeological findings such as the skeletal remains of the prehistoric ‘Balangoda Man’ and various land and freshwater shells that have been excavated, dating back to over 28,000 BC.
Belilena Cave, Kitugala
Located 8km away from kithulagala. Belilena is a very large cave, in which the 12,000 year old skeletal remains of the prehistoric ‘Balangoda man’ (Homesepiens Balangodensis) have been found. In order to reach the cave you have to walk through the jungle, close to the Inoya rubber estate. Many butterflies and bats acquires as their home.
Pannila Calcarious Cave, Rakwana
The Pannila Calcareous Cave consists of two main caves situated about 400m from a 15m high waterfall. A stream flows through the first cave, and about 300m in, one can see a series of smaller caves leading to the second main cave (about 500m in length). In those caves are many stalactites and stalagmites estimated about 100 million years old, and visitors can also see a wide variety of amphibians, reptiles, fishes, butterflies, birds and bats.
Waulpane Cave, Pallebeda
The Waulpane Cave ‘Cave of Bats' is renowned for its many beautiful stalactites and stalagmites (approx. 500 million years old) as well as the hundreds of thousands of bats that live there! It is an isolated cavern set against the eastern slopes of the Rakwana mountain range, located about a 1 ½ hr drive from Pallebedda. Once entering the cave, you descend approx. 300 meters underground to discover this prehistoric world of ancient fossils in the cavern walls, a stream that runs through the cave and a beautiful waterfall located in the centre. As well as the many bats, watch out for the water monitors, various amphibians and fascinating luminous fish.
Sthripura Cave, Welimada
The Sthripura Cave consists of a series of three caves, located at Kiriwanagama about 16 km from Welimada (55 Km from Belihuloya). According to the legend, King Rawana of Sri Lanka used the caves to hide the beautiful princess Sita, whom he abducted after defeating her husband, Prince Rama of India.
Bogoda Cave, Jangulla
The Bogoda Cave is thought to have been used by the Sri Lankan King Walagamba as one of his many hide-outs from the invading South Indians. It is considered to be part of a complex ‘tunnel network’ of other hide-outs such as the Narangala mountain cave, Dowa rock temple at Bandarawela and Rawana Ella cave in Ella. However this story cannot be proved because at present, the cave only leads about 15m into the tunnel through a narrow passage.
Rawana Ella Cave, Ella
The Rawana Ella Cave is located about 2 km from the picturesque town of Ella. It is quite a small cave, measuring about 50ft wide, 150ft long and 60ft high. However, once inside one can find several others that run 20 to 40 ft deep into its walls. Like the Sthripura Cave in Welimada, legend has it that it was used by King Rawana to hide the Princess Sita. It is also thought to be connected to the cave at the Dowa rock temple in Bandarawela (part of King Walagamba's famous 'tunnel network'). Archaeological findings include a human skull dating back to 20,000 BC.
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